Lesson 14, Topic 2
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  1. Signalment:
  • Breeds – large breed dogs more commonly affected with both etiologies (German Shepherd and G. Shepherd crosses are most commonly affected with hemangiosarcoma)
  • Age – middle aged and older
  1. History:
  • Sudden weakness
  • Exercise intolerance
  • Increased respiratory effort
  1. Physical Examination:
  • The triad of muffled heart sounds, jugular venous distention, and weakened arterial pulses is diagnostic of pericardial effusion
  • Signs of right heart failure