Lesson 8 of8
In Progress

Normal M-Mode Echocardiographic Parameters

For the cat:

X+/- 2SD
LVID-D (mm)133.5
LVID-S (mm)8.53.5
F.S. (%)3510
IVS-D (mm)3.52
IVS-S (mm)5.01.5
LVFW-D (mm)32
LVFW-S (mm)5.51.5
AO (mm)93
LA (mm)93

For the dog:

Parameters that are independent of body weight:

X+/- 2SD
F.S. (%)3312

Other parameters varied with body weight and thus normograms must be utilized to determine individual values based on body weight.